Ship from China to Pakistan Stopped at Mumbai Port Because It Might Have Nuclear Cargo

A group from the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) also looked at the shipment and said it was okay for the neighboring country to use for their nuclear program.
Indian security forces stopped a ship from China that was going to Karachi at Mumbai’s Nhava Sheva port on Saturday because they thought it might have dual-use cargo that could be used for Pakistan’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs.

Ship from China to Pakistan

Following information from sources, customs officials stopped the Malta-flagged commercial ship CMA CGM Attila at the port on its way to Karachi on January 23 and inspected the cargo, which included a Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine made by an Italian company.

CNC tools are mostly run by computers and can make things more quickly, consistently, and accurately than people can by hand.

A group from the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) also looked at the shipment and said it was okay for the neighboring country to use for their nuclear program.

According to the experts, the tools could be used to make important parts for Pakistan’s missile research program.

Since 1996, CNC machines have been part of the Wassenaar Arrangement. This is an international agreement to control arms that aims to stop the spread of equipment that can be used for both military and domestic purposes. India is one of 42 member countries that share information about the movement of conventional weapons, goods and technologies with more than one use, and people who own these things.

The CNC machine was used by North Korea to make nuclear weapons.

With specific information, the port officials told the Indian defense authorities about the heavy cargo. The Indian defense authorities inspected it and reported their concerns. The shipment was then seized, according to the officials, who also said that the seizure was done to stop Pakistan and China from possibly spreading the technology.

Bills of loading and other paperwork about the shipment showed that “Shanghai JXE Global Logistics Co Ltd” was the sender and “Pakistan Wings Pvt Ltd” of Sialkot was the receiver.

Police did a more in-depth investigation and found that the 22,180-kilogram shipment came from Taiyuan Mining Import and Export Co Ltd and was meant for Cosmos Engineering in Pakistan, according to the officials.

This isn’t the first time that Indian port officials have stopped high-grade military goods from going from China to Pakistan as these.

Pakistani defense supplier Cosmos Engineering has been on a watchlist since March 12, 2022, when Indian officials stopped a shipment of thermoelectric instruments made in Italy at the Nhava Sheva port.

Officials said there were worries that Pakistan might be using China as a way to get restricted goods from the US and Europe while hiding its names to avoid being caught.

Ship from China to Pakistan

Concerns about China’s support for Pakistan’s nuclear and missile programs have grown. One example is a case from 2020 in which an important autoclave for making missiles was hidden on a Chinese ship headed for Pakistan as industrial equipment.

The investigation is still going on to find out if the groups thought to be from Pakistan that are getting these dual-use items are giving them to the Defence Science and Technology Organization (DESTO), which is in charge of a lot of Pakistan’s defense research and development.

Officials say that even though both Pakistan and China say they are committed to international agreements, the fact that these secret shipments were caught shows that they are still working together on possible proliferation activities, which is against global agreements and rules.

China sent an autoclave to Pakistan in February 2020 under the name of a “industrial dryer.”

A Chinese ship called Dai Cui Yun with a Hong Kong flag was searched for the autoclave. The ship had sailed from Jiangyin port on the Yangtze River in Jiangsu province, China, to Port Qasim in Pakistan.

People are even more worried that Pakistan is openly trading illegal missiles and breaking the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) after the autoclave was seized. It is thought that the machine was meant to be used in Pakistan’s missile program.

The US Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) punished three Chinese companies in June 2023 for their role in providing missile-compatible materials to Pakistan’s ballistic missile program. The companies were General Technology Limited (which supplied autoclaves to Pakistan), Beijing Luo Luo Technology Development, and Changzhou Utek Composite Company.

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